FOBTs: the story so far
Fixed odds betting terminals are first introduced to British betting shops. There are no limits on numbers and where they can be placed.
The government expresses concern at the "increasing installation" of FOBTs in betting shops.
Legal action between the Gaming Board – the Gambling Commission's predecessor – and the Association of British Bookmakers to test the legality of FOBTs is settled out of court. A code of practice limiting the number of machines to four per betting shop, setting maximum stakes at £100 and maximum prizes at £500, and limiting speed of play is introduced. Culture secretary Tessa Jowell says FOBTs are "on probation".
The 2005 Gambling Act receives Royal Assent. FOBTs are categorised as B2 machines under the act, which provides a new framework for gaming machines including powers to prescribe maximum limits for stakes and prizes, and the number of machines permitted in different types of premises.
It is estimated there are 20,000 FOBTs in betting shops at this point.
Campaign For Fairer Gambling formed and goes on to the launch the Stop The FOBTs campaign.
Culture, Media and Sport select committee report recommends that local authorities be allowed to lift the cap on gaming machine numbers to prevent 'clustering' of betting shops. It is not adopted by government.
Chancellor George Osborne introduces machine games duty on FOBTs at a rate of 20 per cent.
The Association of British Bookmakers launches its new Code for Responsible Gambling and Player Protection, which includes machine players being able to set their own time and monetary limits, as well as mandatory warnings being displayed on screen when certain limits are breached.
Following the Triennial Review maximum stakes for FOBTs are left unchanged, although minister Helen Grant says their future remains "unresolved".
Later in the month prime minister David Cameron tells parliament he thinks it is "worth having a proper look at the issue" of FOBTs.
Osborne shocks betting shop operators by raising machine games duty to 25 per cent.
Grant announces new measures for FOBTs requiring customers accessing stakes of more than £50 to use account-based play or load cash over the counter.
Senet Group launched. Members promise to take gaming machine advertising out of betting shop windows.
ABB launches its Player Awareness Systems scheme in an effort to prevent problem gambling among machine players.
The much-delayed triennial review is finally launched with a six-week call for evidence, the results of which are expected in spring 2017.
Prime minister Theresa May's decision to call a snap election delays announcement of the findings of the government's review until the autumn.
Labour and Liberal Democrats pledge to reduce FOBT maximum stakes to £2 in their election manifestos.
Outgoing Paddy Power Betfair chief executive Breon Corcoran breaks ranks to call for a cut in stakes to £10 or less.
Later in the month the government publishes the recommendations of its review.